The text explains what are shares and all that entails. The investors receive their part of the dividend when the company has earnings. Also the shareholders have a vote in the AGM( annual general meeting), but there are non-voting shares that enjoy more benefits than other. The shareholders can give a stake in the company’s assets. The assets are the cahs-in-hand, they are the property of the company like lands,buildings,etc.

Most shares have a nominal value, which originally represented the asset value of the company. The shares of a company are also known as its equity or stock.
The dividend is the earnings of the company, but the company does not always pay their shareholders any dividend, is saved for a future crisis and to finance internal growth of the company. the cover is the number of times that a company could have paid its net dividend. the earnings are divided by the number of shares in existence, we get the 'earnings per share'.
The yield is also very important. is usually expressed as the percentage of share price. The lower return from shares reflects the growth potential of dividend payouts.

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